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Breed Encyclopedia




Schipperke

The miniature Belgian shepherd dog

Original name: Schipperke

Type: lupoid

Male weight: 6½-19¾ lbs, but an average of 8¾-15 ½ lbs is preferred

Female weight: 6½-19¾ lbs, but an average of 8¾-15 ½ lbs is preferred

Degree of grooming

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Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
FCI

Country of origin Belgium

  • Giant (over 45 kg)
  • Maxi (26-44 kg)
  • Medium (11-25 kg)
  • Mini (1-10 kg)

Did you know?

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A Schipperke was shown for the first time in the town of Spa in 1882. The breed was made fashionable by Queen Marie-Henriette of Belgium. It was introduced in the United States and the United Kingdom in 1887. The first standard was published in 1888 by the breed club founded in the same year, as the oldest breed club in Belgium.

Schipperkes are small sheepdogs that are nevertheless very solidly built. Their coat is very distinctive, well furnished with straight hair forming ruff, mane, frill and culottes, which produce a genuinely unique outline. Their well balanced morphology on fine legs, together with their shepherd dog curiosity and their size explain their great popularity well beyond Belgium.

 

Schipperke In a few words:

  • Head

    Lupoid, wedge-shaped, but not overly elongated and sufficiently broad to be in proportion to the body.

     

     
  • Body

    Cobby but not excessively bulky or heavy, ideally square-shaped.

     

     
  • Coat

    Black. The undercoat does not need to be totally black. Dark gray is also acceptable if it is completely hidden by the topcoat.

     

     
  • Ears

    Pricked, very small, pointed, triangular (equilateral as far as possible), set high but not too close together, firm, extremely mobile.

     

     
  • Tail

    If undocked, long, broad at the base, tapering to the tip, reaching to at least the hock.

     

     
  • Hair

    Abundant topcoat, dense straight, sufficiently harsh, fairly firm of texture, so dry and resistant to the touch, providing excellent protection together with the soft, thick undercoat.

     

     

These outstanding little dogs – watchdog-cum-alarm - are brimming with vitality, but standoffish with strangers. Active and agile, indefatigable and always interested in what’s going on, very wont to snap to protect what they’ve been given to guard, very gentle with the kids, they will express themselves with a high-pitched bark and raise their mane and hackles. These inquisitive canines will chase rats, moles and other vermin.Their head is wedge-shaped, with a fairly well developed neck and a relatively short muzzle. Their body is well balanced, short, fairly broad and stocky, but their limbs are finely boned. The sexes are easily distinguishable. The height at the withers is equal to the length of the body. The deep chest is level with the elbows. The muzzle is clearly shorter than half the length of the head.